Current situation of Vietnam shrimp industry
Brackish shrimp are being bred in 30 provinces and become a major commodity in our country including 2 species: Black tiger shrimp (native species) and whiteleg shrimp.
Black tiger shrimp began to be produced artificially and raised from the early years of the 80s (20th century).
Since 1998, white leg shrimp started to be introduced to Vietnam with industrial farming.
Since 1999, the Vietnamese Prime Minister has issued Decision No. 224/1999 / QD-TTg dated December 8, 1999 approving the Aquaculture Development Program in the 1999-2010 period (Program 224) and Resolution No. 09 / 2000 / NQ-CP dated June 15, 2000 (Resolution 09) on a number of guidelines and policies on economic restructuring and consumption of agricultural products. These policies are of special importance, promoting the process of economic restructuring in the agricultural sector in general and aquaculture in particular.
In the 2001-2010 period, the growth rate of fishery production reached 9.89%, the aquaculture reached 17.96%, the export value of seafood also increased by 12.23% / year on average. This program also marked the introduction of industrial shrimp farming methods and investment attraction of enterprises.
In particular, since 2008, after the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development had a policy to permit the farming of white leg shrimp in the Mekong Delta, white shrimp farming has become the second important farming object after tiger shrimp.
By 2013, whiteleg shrimp has exceeded black tiger shrimp in terms of output and export value. Black tiger shrimp and white leg shrimp are now the main seafood export products of Vietnam. Only after 10 years of implementing program 224 and resolution 09 (2000-2010), shrimp farming area has increased from 228,610 ha to 639,115 ha (2.8 times), shrimp production has increased from 97,628 tons to 443,714 tons ( 4.5 times more).
Since 2010, shrimp export turnover has surpassed the figure of 2.1 billion USD and shrimp has actually become a driving force for investment in farming, processing and export.
Area and production of brackish water in 2010-2018: In general, the area of cultured shrimp increased not much in the period of 2010-2018, from 639.115ha to 694.645ha. Meanwhile, shrimp production increased significantly from 469,893 tons to 657,282 tons. Production of farmed shrimps increased mainly in white shrimp, up from 136,719 tons to 393,429 tons. Black tiger shrimp tend to decrease in area and yield. In 2010 reached 333,174 tons, down to 263,853 tons. The area of black tiger shrimp in some areas has been converted to white leg shrimp farming. Although the area of whiteleg shrimp accounts for only about 15%, production accounts for 65% of the total shrimp production. The export value of farmed shrimp also has huge fluctuations, in 2014 it reached 14 over 3.9 billion dollars, but due to epidemics, the value of export turnover in 2015 dropped to over 2.9 billion dollars, and is recovering in 2018, reaching $ 3.15 billion.